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Improve Home Heating Efficiency

reducing energy use at home

Do you want to know how to improve your home heating efficiency? You can take action to reduce energy use and cost and improve the safety and lifespan of your heating system.

Keeping your home warm and cosy becomes a top priority as the temperatures drop during the colder months. Your specific actions to improve your heating will depend on your home’s characteristics and the heating system. It’s always a good idea to consult with a professional to assess your specific needs and determine the most effective strategies for improving heating efficiency in your home.

However, there are actions you can take today, including:

  • Heating system maintenance
  • Home insulation, including hot water pipes
  • Sealing air leaks
  • Zone heating
  • Use thermostats
  • Use ceiling fans

Maintain Your Heating System

Regular maintenance of your heating system is essential for optimal performance. Schedule annual inspections and cleanings by a professional technician to ensure your system operates efficiently and safely. Replace air filters regularly to maintain proper airflow and prevent dust buildup.

Regular servicing of your home heating system is crucial to ensure its efficient operation and to prevent potential issues from escalating into costly repairs. Whether you have an oil or gas-fired boiler, traditional or vertical radiators, each component needs to be serviced each year for the following reasons:

  • Improved efficiency
  • Enhanced reliability
  • Extended lifespan
  • Safety assurance
  • Warranty compliance

Improved Efficiency

Over time, your heating system can accumulate dust, dirt, and debris, affecting efficiency. A professional service technician will clean and inspect your heating system’s components, including the furnace or heat pump, air filters, ductwork, and thermostats. This thorough cleaning and inspection help remove debris and identify potential issues hindering the system’s efficiency.

Addressing these issues, the technician can optimize the performance of your heating system, ensuring it operates at its peak efficiency. This can result in lower energy consumption and reduced heating costs.

Enhanced Reliability

A well-maintained heating system is less likely to break down unexpectedly. During the annual service, the technician will inspect the system’s critical components for signs of wear and tear, corrosion, or other damage.

By identifying and addressing these issues early on, the technician can prevent them from escalating into major problems that can leave you without heat during the cold winter.

Regular servicing helps improve the reliability of your heating system, ensuring it operates smoothly and minimizes the risk of unexpected breakdowns.

Extended Lifespan

Heating systems are a significant investment; you want to ensure you get the most out of them. Regular servicing can help extend the lifespan of your heating system.

The technician can prevent unnecessary wear and tear on your system by keeping all the components clean, lubricated, and properly adjusted. This can help your heating system last longer, delaying the need for costly replacements and saving you money in the long run.

Safety Assurance

Heating systems that burn fossil fuels, such as gas or oil furnaces, can pose a safety risk if not properly maintained. For example, a dirty or malfunctioning furnace can produce carbon monoxide, a colourless and odourless gas that can be lethal.

During the annual service, the technician will inspect your heating system’s heat exchanger, burners, and other components for any signs of damage or potential safety hazards. This helps ensure that your heating system operates safely and provides peace of mind for you and your family.


Warranty Compliance

Many heating systems come with manufacturer warranties that require regular servicing to remain valid.

Neglecting annual servicing can void the warranty, leaving you liable for the full cost of repairs or replacements. However, you can maintain warranty compliance and protect your investment by getting your heating system serviced each year.

Home Insulation

Proper insulation prevents heat loss, keeps your home warmer, and reduces the workload on your heating system. Most homes have some insulation; however, older homes need it topped up. If you can insulate your walls, top up the insulation in the attic and crawl spaces, and use underfloor insulation and draft-proof covers.

Insulation hot water pipes

Often not considered is the heat loss from hot water pipes. Insulating hot water pipes prevents heat loss and reduces the time it takes for hot water to reach faucets and showers. This can save energy and water.

Seal Air Leaks

Another action you can take to get your home ready to keep the heat where you want it is to ensure no gaps or drafts around windows and doors.

Home air leaks can cause significant energy waste, increased heating costs, and reduced comfort. Expanding the seals to address air leaks effectively improves your home’s energy efficiency and saves on heating expenses.

Identify the air leaks.

The first step in expanding seals is identifying areas where air leaks occur. Common areas for air leaks include windows, doors, electrical outlets, baseboards, vents, and gaps in walls or ceilings. You can use a simple method such as a candle or an incense stick to detect drafts by moving it around these areas and observing any flickering or movement indicating airflow.

Choose the proper sealant.

Once you have identified the air leaks, select the appropriate sealant for each area. Various types of sealants are available, such as weatherstripping, caulking, and expanding foam.

Weatherstripping is ideal for sealing gaps around windows and doors, while caulking is suitable for sealing gaps in stationary components like baseboards and vents. Expanding foam is excellent for filling more significant gaps or holes in walls or ceilings.

Prepare the surfaces

Before applying the sealant, it’s essential to prepare the surfaces properly. Clean the areas thoroughly to remove dirt, dust, or debris that may hinder the sealant’s adhesion. If the surfaces are painted, ensure they are dry and in good condition. Remove any old or damaged sealant or weatherstripping to ensure a smooth and clean surface for the new sealant.

Apply the sealant

Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the chosen sealant and apply it carefully and evenly along the gaps or openings. For weatherstripping, measure and cut the strips to fit the gaps’ lengths and press them firmly into place.

For caulking, use a caulk gun to apply a continuous bead of sealant along the gaps, and use a caulk smoothing tool or your finger to smooth the caulk for a neat finish. For expanding foam, fill the gaps slowly and avoid overfilling as the foam will expand and cure.


Test for effectiveness

Once the sealant has cured or dried, test its effectiveness by conducting another draft test with a candle or incense stick to check for any remaining air leaks. If any gaps remain, reapply the sealant as needed.

Regular maintenance

It’s important to note that seals can deteriorate over time due to weather, wear, and tear. Therefore, regular inspections and maintenance are essential to ensure that the seals remain intact and effective in sealing air leaks. Replace any worn-out or damaged sealant promptly to maintain the energy efficiency of your home heating system.

Use a Programmable Thermostat

A programmable thermostat allows you to set different temperature settings for other times of the day, ensuring you only heat your home when needed.

You can program the thermostat to lower the temperature when you’re away or asleep and raise it at home, saving energy and reducing your heating costs. Some thermostats even have intelligent features that can learn your preferences and adjust the temperature accordingly, further improving the efficiency of your heating system.

Use Ceiling Fans

Set your ceiling fans to rotate clockwise at a low speed in winter. This will push warm air down from the ceiling and circulate it throughout the room, reducing the need for excessive heating.

More Ways To Improve Energy Efficiency

Optimize Heat Distribution

Make sure that your heating system is distributing heat evenly throughout your home. Blocked vents, closed doors, or dirty radiators can obstruct heat flow, leading to uneven heating and wasted energy.

Keep vents and radiators clean and free of obstructions, and ensure that all rooms are adequately heated. Fans can also help circulate warm air, especially in larger rooms or multi-level homes.

Practice Energy-Saving Habits

Energy-saving practices are essential for reducing energy consumption, lowering utility bills, and minimizing environmental impact. Here are some ideas that you can implement in your home:

Upgrade to Energy-Efficient Appliances

Appliances such as refrigerators, washing machines, and dishwashers are significant sources of energy consumption in a home. Upgrading to energy-efficient appliances with a high ENERGY STAR rating can significantly reduce energy usage. These appliances are designed to use less energy while providing the same level of performance, resulting in cost savings over time.

Use Natural Lighting

Take advantage of natural lighting during the day to reduce your reliance on artificial lighting. Keep curtains or blinds open during the day to allow natural light into your home. Additionally, consider using energy-efficient LED light bulbs for your artificial lighting needs, as they use less energy and last longer than traditional incandescent bulbs.

Unplug Electronics

Electronics and appliances continue to draw energy even when not used, known as “vampire” or “phantom” energy. Unplug electronics such as TVs, chargers, and gaming consoles when not in use, or use power strips with an on/off switch to turn off multiple devices quickly and simultaneously.

Reduce Water Usage

Conserving water also translates to energy savings, as water needs to be heated and pumped, which requires energy. Install low-flow showerheads and faucets, fix any leaks promptly, and only run dishwashers and washing machines with full loads to minimize water usage and the associated energy consumption.


Plant Trees or Install Shading Devices

Strategically planting trees or installing shading devices such as awnings or blinds can help block the sun’s heat during summer, reducing the need for air conditioning and lowering energy consumption.

Educate Family Members

Lastly, all household members should be educated about the importance of energy-saving practices. They should be encouraged to adopt energy-conscious habits such as turning off lights when leaving a room, closing doors and windows tightly, and being mindful of energy usage in their daily activities.

Summing Up

Implementing energy-saving practices in your home can significantly reduce energy consumption, lower utility bills, and contribute to a more sustainable environment. With minor changes in your daily habits and simple home improvements, you can create a more energy-efficient home that benefits your wallet and the environment.

Remember, the key to achieving excellent efficiency from your home heating system is a combination of regular maintenance, proper insulation, and energy-saving practices. By taking proactive measures to minimize energy waste, you can reduce energy bills and contribute to a more sustainable future for our planet. So, commit to implementing these energy-saving practices in your home and enjoy the benefits of